Adaptive nodes #
- Status: draft
- Editor: Oskar Thorén email@example.com
This is an informational spec that show cases the concept of adaptive nodes.
Node types - a continuum #
We can look at node types as a continuum, from more restricted to less restricted, fewer resources to more resources.
Possible limitations #
- Connectivity: Not publicly connectable vs static IP and DNS
- Connectivity: Mostly offline to mostly online to always online
- Resources: Storage, CPU, Memory, Bandwidth
Accessibility and motivation #
- Opening browser window: costs nothing, but contribute nothing
- Desktop: download, leave in background, contribute somewhat
- Cluster: expensive, upkeep, but can contribute a lot
These are also illustrative, so a node in a browser in certain environment might contribute similarly to Desktop.
Adaptive nodes #
We call these nodes adaptive nodes to highlights different modes of contributing, such as:
- Only leeching from the network
- Relaying messages for one or more topics
- Providing services for lighter nodes such as lightpush and filter
- Storing historical messages to various degrees
- Ensuring relay network can’t be spammed with RLN
Planned incentives #
Incentives to run a node is currently planned around:
- SWAP for accounting and settlement of services provided
- RLN RELAY for spam protection
- Other incentivization schemes are likely to follow and is an area of active research
Node protocol selection #
Each node can choose which protocols to support, depending on its resources and goals.
In the case of protocols like 11/WAKU2-RELAY etc (12, 13, 19, 21) these correspond to Libp2p protocols.
However, other protocols like 16/WAKU2-RPC (local HTTP JSON-RPC), 25/LIBP2P-DNS-DISCOVERY, Discovery v5 (DevP2P) or interfacing with distributed storage, are running on different network stacks.
This is in addition to protocols that specify payloads, such as 14/WAKU2-MESSAGE, 26/WAKU2-PAYLOAD, or application specific ones. As well as specs that act more as recommendations, such as 23/WAKU2-TOPICS or 27/WAKU2-PEERS.
Waku network visualization #
We can better visualize the network with some illustrative examples.
Topology and topics #
The first one shows an example topology with different PubSub topics for the relay protocol.
The dotted box shows what content topics (application-specific) a node is interested in.
A node that is purely providing a service to the network might not care.
In this example, we see support for toy chat, a topic in Waku v1 (Status chat), WalletConnect, and SuperRare community.
Auxiliary network #
This is a separate component with its own topology.
Behavior and interaction with other protocols specified in Vac RFCs, e.g. 25/LIBP2P-DNS-DISCOVERY, 15/WAKU-BRIDGE, etc.
Node Cross Section #
This one shows a cross-section of nodes in different dimensions and shows how the connections look different for different protocols.
Copyright and related rights waived via CC0.